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Will this layout with a remote USB hub work?

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  • Will this layout with a remote USB hub work?

    My car is tiny (RX-7 FD) and I live in a not-so-friendly neighborhood. So two things I have to keep in mind when designing my CarPC are: compactness and security.

    Therefore, I can't have anything visibly out in the open. Also, in terms of storage, I have a locked glove compartment which can just barely fit an EPIA mini-ITX board, and a locked storage bin (behind the passenger seat) that is about the size of a shoebox. Also, I have some space behind the touchscreen (installed in a double-din slot where my headunit used to be) to put the PSU and a fan.

    The best way I could think of to fit everything was to use only USB devices for everything (including HDD storage) and run a single USB cable to the storage bin where I would put a 6-port hub and all my devices. So it would look like this:



    (NOTE: I know there are a LOT of components missing from this diagram, like fuses, SDC, audio components, touchscreen, etc. I just wanted to focus on the USB hub related issues)

    I know there will be a lot of current draw on the 5V rail due to all these USB devices and the USB hub. However, I will be using an Arise MPD-810H which provides up to 14A on the +5V rail. I think that should be plenty of juice, but please correct me if I'm wrong.

    So, my biggest concerns are the following:

    1) Is the 15' USB cable going to be too long?
    2) My EPIA P4-ITX has a bios setting for booting off a USB-HDD, but can anyone confirm that this actually works? I will not have any IDE drives installed.
    3) Will the 14A +5V rail provide enough power to drive everything in the rear storage bin (6-port USB Hub, plus 3.5" USB HDD, plus 4 USB devices)?
    4) Will all of these devices sharing the same USB port hurt performance in any way?
    5) Will need to use some sort of relay switch to completely cut power to the USB port when the computer is turned off? I heard that most new motherboards don't cut power to the +5VSB rail after power down. This would kill my battery.

    Thanks for any advice.
    1994 RX-7, EPIA P4-ITX w/ Celeron 2.4 Ghz, Arise PSU, Xenarc 700TSV (new model)

  • #2
    Well, I can tell you that 15' is OK for a USB cable. The maximum length is actually 5 meters, which is a few inches longer than 15'.

    Not sure about the rest of your questions

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    • #3
      you may want to run an extension from the 5V rail of the PSU to the shoebox - im pretty sure the audigy is gonna need external power, along with the HDD (may be 12V, so maybe need to run a full molex). Also - you may want to get a USB "repeater", which strengthens the USB signal. Also, a simple SDC (mpegbox.com) may solve your problems with cutting power to the USB. Just use it as a relay.

      Good luck!
      Cheap Laptop, great for Carputer!

      Comment


      • #4
        Mr. C and jusatry, thanks for the replies.

        I was already planning on powering the USB devices that required external power off an another extended 5V rail, but I didn't want to clutter the diagram. But thanks for pointing out that I'd also need a 12V line for the HDD...I completely forgot about that one. Damn...maybe I should just go with a laptop drive instead ($$$ ).

        Regarding the SDC, I already have an ITPS (with regulator bypassed) that I plan to use. I believe it will work the same way as Mucha's SDC. I had always assumed that these SDCs would completely cut power to the motherboard, but when I saw this thread, I became a little worried. Is this only a problem with OPUS power supplies (since they have a built-in SDC)?

        Also, does anyone have experience with booting off a USB-HDD?
        1994 RX-7, EPIA P4-ITX w/ Celeron 2.4 Ghz, Arise PSU, Xenarc 700TSV (new model)

        Comment


        • #5
          Run a full 4 wires (+12v, 0, 0, +5v) to the storage bin, which is cut off with the power supply, and you'll be fine

          I would make sure that you've got a powered USB2 hub, as unpowered will not provide enough power for everything that you need to use.


          Garry
          Co-Developer of A.I.M.E.E
          www.aimee.cc

          Comment


          • #6
            Confused, I believe the problem is that even with the USB hub's 5v supply cutoff, it will still draw power from the USB cable plugged into the USB port on the motherboard. That's why in the thread I mentioned above, Ricky and gospeedracer were describing a setup where a relay driven by +5V from a PSU molex would be used to switch the +5V power line going into the USB port. So, I guess my question is: will I have this problem if I use an ITPS as my SDC? That is, does the ITPS completely shut off power to the PSU, or is the PSU still able to provide power to the USB ports?
            1994 RX-7, EPIA P4-ITX w/ Celeron 2.4 Ghz, Arise PSU, Xenarc 700TSV (new model)

            Comment


            • #7
              I believe that the ITPS will cut off all power, but i have never used one (got an Opus) so can't say for sure.


              Garry
              Co-Developer of A.I.M.E.E
              www.aimee.cc

              Comment


              • #8
                no piston - i dont know about the itps, but the muchas cuts power completley (in case windows hangs during shutdown). I would assume thats what the ITPS does too. Search for threads by MikeH - he knows alot about this stuff, and im pretty sure he uses an ITPS with his M10000. check his sig for info on his site. also - im still selling that 20 gig laptop HDD, but based on your diagram, it looks like that may not be enough Anyway, if you want it ill cut you a deal cause your internet connection is so fast

                Confused: Great avatar!!
                Cheap Laptop, great for Carputer!

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                • #9
                  Thanks, I'll do some more research. Yeah, I think 20GB will be too small for all my music and movies, but thanks for discount offer!
                  1994 RX-7, EPIA P4-ITX w/ Celeron 2.4 Ghz, Arise PSU, Xenarc 700TSV (new model)

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    hi,

                    Iím also trying to find out if anyone successfully booted from a USB external drive.

                    Need to move the HDD to the front of the pickup. The vibration on the back is killing my hdds.
                    Ikea Case. Epia M10000.M1-ATX. 512 Mb. 2,5" 80 GB HDD. 7" Lilliput. BU-303 GPS. Sony Joystick.
                    Status -->
                    Lilliput Installed (not indash yet..)
                    BraveCar 2.5

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                    • #11
                      16.6' is the max length for usb 1.1 & 2.0 before data loss.
                      Asus Pundit Barebones PC
                      7" Lilliput LCD
                      P4 2.8ghz 512mb 120gb
                      Windows XP Pro, VOICES
                      Sony Xplode 10in Sub, Rockford 600w amp
                      Pioneer 6x9's and 4x6's, Kenwood 4ch amp
                      Black Widow Alarm with Pager

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        if you want to be safe you can get an active repeater.

                        I just got one @ fry's for 10 bucks - boosts signal and power so you can go far! I remember seeing one on tigerdirect too....*scratches head*....
                        Cheap Laptop, great for Carputer!

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          its goign to be slow booting off USB hard drive.. you dont think you can carm it in with your mobo.
                          Pete Kastner www.KastNERD.com

                          Comment


                          • #14
                            As to your original question

                            I would keep the dlink radio, gps mouse in the back with the puter, they are little and dont need to be visible (well the gps needs to see the sky somehow) save the bandwidth for other devices, maybe have two hubs one front and one smaller rear hub. the audigy you want as close to the amps / sound / hu as possible, so plan around this.

                            I have two hubs in my car powered by small dcdc converters so I have got 5 powersupplies in my car and they all turn on and off with the switched + acc line
                            Nano ITX / 512 MB / 60 GB / Panasonic slot load / M1-ATX / Bu303 / Sound blaster 24 / PPi amps / rockford sub

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              Originally posted by beaverpants
                              its goign to be slow booting off USB hard drive.. you dont think you can carm it in with your mobo.
                              Oh dear! you are not going to boot from a USB drive are you? Yuck! Talk about SLOWWWWW!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!

                              Get yourself a cheap laptop drive and install you os on it and stick it in your glove box. Use the usb drive for your MP3's and video.

                              But don't boot from a USB device, especially not windows.

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