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Repairing Lilliput touch controller / Fried Zener

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  • Repairing Lilliput touch controller / Fried Zener

    I fried my Lilliput touch controller. Looking at it, there is a diode across the +5v rail and ground that got fried. When i removed the diode, the controller worked again. Accoring to the board silk screen, it's a foward biased zener. I'm not sure I understand what that zener would be doing there. If forward biased, would that essentially short the USB +5v rail?

    In any case, does anyone know what it is? I assume it was 5.1v zener (reverse biased despite the what the silk screen says) there to protect against an overvoltage. This is supported by the theory that my t/s controller started working again once I removed the fried part.
    2004 4runner

  • #2
    When forward-biased, zener diodes behave much the same as standard rectifying diodes: they have a forward voltage drop which follows the "diode equation" and is about 0.7 volts. In reverse-bias mode, they do not conduct until the applied voltage reaches or exceeds the so-called zener voltage, at which point the diode is able to conduct substantial current, and in doing so will try to limit the voltage dropped across it to that zener voltage point. So long as the power dissipated by this reverse current does not exceed the diode's thermal limits, the diode will not be harmed.
    Sounds forward-bias mode to me. Might be there for reverse current protection ? (That explains why the controller works without the zener)
    Which one is it?

    Comment


    • #3
      Your board is a little different than mine. I'm guessing that zener up in the top left corner is the corresponding part. My board doesn't have those nice connectors on the input/outputs (just wires soldered to the board) and so the diode in question lies just about where your input connector is.

      I still don't understand why you'd want it forward biased across the power rails. As you said, the foward zener drops 0.7V yet the power rails are at 5v. Sounds like a recipe for creating magic smoke. In reverse mode, it would provide (some) overvolt and reverse voltage protection, wouldn't it?

      In your picture, I'm assuming that the top trace (also the top pin on the input connector) is the +5v USB supply and connects to the top of the diode. The 2nd pin from the top is GND and connects to the bottom of the diode. Can you tell me what markings appear on that diode? Also, is it

      pin1 -|>|- pin 2

      or

      pin1 -|<|- pin 2

      Thanks
      2004 4runner

      Comment


      • #4
        I've circled the damaged part and labeled the traces.

        EDIT: The labeling is backwards. The diode is actually reverse biased.
        Attached Files
        2004 4runner

        Comment


        • #5
          bump ... come on, soooo many Lilliputs around here! Somebody can help me out and read the codes off that zener for me, right?
          2004 4runner

          Comment


          • #6
            rando first of all this is not my screen's controller. It's the controller Armen sells in his site. I just posted it for reference . I believe the diode is there probably for overvoltage and/or overcurrent protection. Most of the SMD components unfortunatelly don't have product codes written in them but I believe it's a 5.6 V / 0.5 Watt zener. You should ask for Armen's help in this also.

            Hope you figure it out

            Comment


            • #7
              Rando
              I donít know the difference between a diode and well.. anything else, but I have my lilly in pieces in the garage so..
              My controller has the component in the exact same place as the picture, but as yours, the cables are soldered. But Iím afraid I couldnít find any markings in the diode except the green, red and brown circles.

              Brave
              Ikea Case. Epia M10000.M1-ATX. 512 Mb. 2,5" 80 GB HDD. 7" Lilliput. BU-303 GPS. Sony Joystick.
              Status -->
              Lilliput Installed (not indash yet..)
              BraveCar 2.5

              Comment


              • #8
                It just says 5V on it.

                This what you board looks like?
                Originally posted by rando
                bump ... come on, soooo many Lilliputs around here! Somebody can help me out and read the codes off that zener for me, right?
                Attached Files
                http://www.digitalww.com

                Comment


                • #9
                  Originally posted by digitalww
                  It just says 5V on it.

                  This what you board looks like?
                  Yes, that's the one. I believe the 5V is the label for the input pin (5V from USB), not for the zener. Are you guys saying there are no markings on the zener (could be between the zener and the board)? I was under the impression that they are usually labeled (at least) by their zener (breakdown) voltage. I'd expect it to have something like 5v1 or 5v7 etc on it.

                  Also, I'd like some clarification on which way that thing mounts in there since the silk screen indicates that it is positively biased across the USB power rails which would make it shunt the power rails under normal operation (doesn't make any sense to me). I'm probably confused about something here, I just don't know what. Thanks in advance for any help.


                  ... Maybe that 5V isn't the label for the pin in which case this zener may actually NOT be foward biased (a good thing). I guess I better double check this when I get home. It was like 1AM when I looked at it. argh.....
                  2004 4runner

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    I can probably take this component from one of the bad controllers I have and send it to you, for a $1

                    What do you think?

                    Armen

                    Originally posted by rando
                    Yes, that's the one. I believe the 5V is the label for the input pin (5V from USB), not for the zener. Are you guys saying there are no markings on the zener (could be between the zener and the board)? I was under the impression that they are usually labeled (at least) by their zener (breakdown) voltage. I'd expect it to have something like 5v1 or 5v7 etc on it.

                    Also, I'd like some clarification on which way that thing mounts in there since the silk screen indicates that it is positively biased across the USB power rails which would make it shunt the power rails under normal operation (doesn't make any sense to me). I'm probably confused about something here, I just don't know what. Thanks in advance for any help.


                    ... Maybe that 5V isn't the label for the pin in which case this zener may actually NOT be foward biased (a good thing). I guess I better double check this when I get home. It was like 1AM when I looked at it. argh.....
                    http://www.digitalww.com

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      Originally posted by digitalww
                      I can probably take this component from one of the bad controllers I have and send it to you, for a $1

                      What do you think?

                      Armen
                      Sounds great. Where should I send the $1? PM me with the info.

                      Thanks!
                      2004 4runner

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        Originally posted by rando
                        ... Maybe that 5V isn't the label for the pin in which case this zener may actually NOT be foward biased (a good thing). I guess I better double check this when I get home. It was like 1AM when I looked at it. argh.....
                        OK, that was it. Who would have guess that the red wire was ground and the black wire was 5v. Apparently the 5v did refer to the zener and thus it was reverse biased ... the planets are aligned again.

                        Armens replacement zener came in today, it's installed, and my touch controller is safely working again. BTW, the markings CJ5.1 appeared on the part and I conrfirmed it to regulate around 5V.

                        Thanks to each of you that helped and a special thank you to Armen for providing the replacement part.
                        2004 4runner

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          Thats good news rando. Kudos to Armen for providing his help

                          Cheers

                          Comment


                          • #14
                            Well, this is what it looks like when it's shorted from over voltage.
                            Attached Files

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              Originally posted by rando
                              I fried my Lilliput touch controller. Looking at it, there is a diode across the +5v rail and ground that got fried. When i removed the diode, the controller worked again. Accoring to the board silk screen, it's a foward biased zener. I'm not sure I understand what that zener would be doing there. If forward biased, would that essentially short the USB +5v rail?

                              In any case, does anyone know what it is? I assume it was 5.1v zener (reverse biased despite the what the silk screen says) there to protect against an overvoltage. This is supported by the theory that my t/s controller started working again once I removed the fried part.

                              Rando,

                              My controller died too. Looked at it and there was some indication of the over voltage (compared to the other pictures in this post). I removed the zener and mine still doesn't work. I saw the one side was 5v rail and other was ground. did you just leave the zener off and it worked again, or did you put something in its place until the replacement from Armen got there?

                              Batman
                              [email protected]
                              www.samshomepage.net

                              Comment

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